Linjin Fan , Yulong Wang , Nan Jiang , Mango Chen , Li Gao , Kai Li , Yulong Gao , Hongyu Cui , Qing Pan , Changjun Liu , Yanping Zhang , Xiaomei Wang , Xiaole Qi
Poult Sci.2020 Dec;99(12):6542-6548.doi: 10.1016/j.psj.2020.09.037. Epub 2020 Sep 28.
Newcastle disease (ND) is one of the most important avian diseases that seriously threaten the poultry industry worldwide. Sometimes vaccination might not effectively reduce ND occurrence in some poultry farms for unclear reasons. Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is one of the most important immunosuppressive diseases, and the novel variant IBD virus (IBDV) is threatening chicken farms in China. This study evaluated the influence of the novel variant IBDV (SHG19 strain) on immunization of ND vaccine (LaSota strain) in broiler and layer chickens. In commercial broilers, the hemagglutination inhibition antibody titers against LaSota strain were decreased by the prior infection of the novel variant IBDV. Pathological examination revealed that the novel variant IBDV severely damaged the key immune organs of the bursa and spleen, and the B lymphocytes in the bursa were severely destroyed, which was the primary reason involved in the immunosuppression on ND vaccination. Moreover, the novel variant IBDV dramatically reduced the BW of infected broilers by about 16% compared to that of control, which indicated huge economic losses. Furthermore, this study confirmed the immunosuppression induced by the novel variant IBDV in specific pathogen-free layer chickens. In this study, it was discovered that the novel variant IBDV could interfere with ND vaccination in both broilers and layers, which was one important factor involved in immune failure in poultry farms. This study therefore suggests the urgency to control the novel variant IBDV infection for healthy breeding.
Keywords: Immunosuppression; Newcastle disease; novel variant infectious bursal disease virus.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.